- Geographical mobility: The ease of moving from one area to another. The greater the mobility of labour, the lower the level of unemployment.
How can the government increase geographical mobility of labour?
- Housing: Increase the availability of affordable housing in those areas of shortages.
- Educational facilities: Improve the availability of educational facilities to ease the concern of parents.
- Social infrastructure: Improve the social infrastructure so as to make the areas more appealing for families e.g. shops, parks, leisure facilities
- Supports by government: The government might provide adequate supports so as to entice people to move e.g. help with re-location costs
2. Occupational mobility: The ease of movement of workers from one job to another.
What are the barriers to occupational mobility of labour?
- Trade unions
- Lack of knowledge about available work
- High skill levels
- High training costs
How can the government increase occupational mobility of labour?
- Education courses: Provide courses for further education opportunities and at costs accessible to workers
- Training / retraining: Provide opportunities for training, retraining at times and at costs suitable to workers.
- Reduce barriers to entry into occupations e.g. NUJ, Equity, Irish hospital consultants.